Legislation and Central Authority
Sweden ratified the Hague Convention on Protection and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption on 1 September 1997, pursuant to art. 1 of the Act consequent on Sweden's accession to the Hague Convention.
According to art. 2 of the Act consequent on Sweden's accession to the Convention, the Central Autority of Sweden according to art. 6 of the Convention is the Swedish Intercountry Adoptions Authority (MIA).
Swedish Intercountry Adoptions Authority (MIA) is a government authority under the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs. MIA is also the central authority as referred to in the Convention and performs the tasks incumnent on such an authority, except where otherwise indicated by law or other statute.
Functions of the Central Authority
The primary tasks of MIA are:
Authorizing and supervising the non-government organizations. The accreditation is granted for a specific period of time and it shall mention the specific country it has been issued for. Each organization is accredited for 5 years and 2 years is the accreditation for each particular country the organization works with;
- Considering whether the adoption procedure is acceptable or not in certain individual cases such as family-related adoptions;
- Observing the international development and research;
- Negotiating with authorities and non-governmental organizations in other countries in relation to signing of bilateral agreements and to sign such agreemets;
- Conducting information activities and providing information and support to the public autorities and non-governmental organizations;
- Issuing certificates under art. 23 of the Convention when the adoption has taken place in Sweden or when a foreign adoption order has been transported in Sweden as provided in Artcile 27 of the Convention.
Recognition of the intercountry adoption in Sweden
Pursuant to Art.4 of the Intercountry Adoption Intermediation Act, adoption court decrees issued in a foreigh country shall be accepted in Sweden and the the adopted child shall acquires the same status as it it has been born in the family.